Cyber auf der Münchener Sicherheitskonferenz 2017

Am morgigen 17.2. beginnt die Münchener Sicherheitskonferenz 2017 (MSC), auf der das Thema Cyberspace auch in diesem Jahr ein Rolle spielen wird. Im Gegensatz zu den Jahren zuvor, wird diesmal jedoch vor allem das Thema Fake-News und die gezielte Beeinflußung von gesellschaftlichen Meinungen und Wahrnehmungen im Vordergrund stehen, die in Zeiten des Cyberspace offensichtlich sehr viel leichter geworden sind. Diese Formen der staatlichen Einflußnahme wurden im Rahmen der mutmaßlich russischen Beeinflussung des US-Präsidentenwahlkampfes ausführlich diskutiert und spielen aktuell hinsichtlich der deutschen Bundestagswahl wieder eine große Rolle. Obgleich auf der Webseite der MSC kein Programm zu finden ist, deutet der vor wenigen Tagen veröffentlichte Munich Security Report die inhaltlichen Leitlinien der Konferenz an.

Zum Thema “Cyber” daher hier die wichtigsten Zitate aus dem Report:

Hinsichtlich der TOP 10 “Risks for 2017” identifiziert der Report als TOP 5 folgendes:

“Technology and the Middle East: The revolution in energy production undermines the stability of states still dependent on oil and gas exports. New communications technologies enhance the ability of angry citizens to commiserate and organize. Cyber
conflict is shifting the region’s precarious balance of power. Finally, “forced transparency” (think Wikileaks) is dangerous for brittle authoritarian regimes.”

Zum Thema Fake-News wird folgendes attestiert:

The main threat is that citizens’ trust in media and politicians might further erode, creating a vicious cycle that threatens liberal democracy. States must better protect their hardware; but cyber defense will not be enough. Democratic institutions can also support media literacy, strengthen their communication efforts, and educate their citizens. Yet, they cannot forbid “fake news” or introduce “truth agencies” lest
they turn illiberal themselves. Preventing a “post-truth” world, in which “nothing is true and everything is possible,” is a task for society as a whole.

Darüber hinaus geht der Report auf das Thema ein, wie der Cyberspace und die Digitalisierung den Bereich der Rüstungsindustrie bereits verändert oder verändern wird

Digitization is changing both where and how defense companies compete. First, the “where to compete” is shifting from “traditional” defense to IT-based products. New battlefields like cybersecurity and big-data analytics have allowed pure IT players to gain a foothold in the security and defense business, and budgets for these areas are on track to grow faster than those for ”traditional” defense. The share of the US Department of Defense budget allocated to the areas of C3, intelligence,
and space has doubled since 1976. The four digital giants Google, Amazon, Microsoft, and Intel alone spend more than USD 50 billion a year on digital innovation, with dual use offering militaries an opportunity to innovate within constrained defense budgets. Second, digitization is changing the factors that differentiate defense solutions, meaning the “how to compete” is changing too. The increasing digitization of
weapon systems (“Defense 4.0”) impacts and even disrupts the very core of defense. This development is best evidenced by shifts in technology investment. While military platforms have long been pieces of “embedded software,” the ratio of “software”
to “hardware” has changed more rapidly and significantly in recent years. As the absolute value of electronics in a platform has almost tripled from one generation to the next, advancement in this area has become the driver of innovation. The extent to which the door is open for disruption by new civilian players can best be seen in the “New Space” industry.

Hier der Link auf den Report (lokale Kopie).